Now Accepting Pre-Orders for the Old English Limited Edition את CEPHER! 

×

Stephen Pidgeon's Blog

Blog: Blog

< Back     Join the Discussion

Is the word magnified above the name? Psalm 138:2

Posted by Stephen Pidgeon on Thursday, July 25, 2019 at 12:00 AM

 

A great question has arisen concerning the language of Tehilliym 138:2

Tehilliym (Psalms) 138:2
I will worship toward your holy Temple, and praise את eth-your name for your lovingkindness and for your Truth: for you have magnified your word above all your name.

So, do we have it laid out correctly? I don’t think so.

Psa 138:2  אשׁתחוה (e’shachath’oth I will rejoice) אל (al-over) היכל (haykal – temple) קדשׁך (qodesh’och – your holiness) ואודה (v’e’yada and I praise) את (eth) שׁמך (shem’och – your name) על (al-over) חסדך (chesed’och – your mercy) ועל (v’al – and upon) אמתך (emet’och – your truth) כי (kee – for) הגדלת (h’gadal’oth – the greatnesses) על (al-over) כל (kole - every) שׁמך (shem’och – your name) אמרתך׃ (emra’oth’och – your words)

A little discussion here is appropriate.  We see a number of words here which enjoy the suffix (ך) kaf sofit (final kaf). This prefix is given the meaning of your. So we see the word qodesh’och (your holy); shem’och (your name); chesed’och (your mercy); emet’och (your truth); shem’och (your name) emra’oth’och (the plural of emrah “the Word” meaning the words, with the suffix meaning your words.

One large question is the order of the final words, which in the Ivriyt are:

כִּי־הִגְדַּלְתָּ עַל־כָּל־שִׁמְךָ אִמְרָתֶךָ׃

This is transliterated as kee-ha’gadal’oth al-kole-shem’och emra’oth’och.

Literally, for the greatnesses over all your name your words.

Let’s go back and take a look at the original translation: and praise את eth-your name for your lovingkindness and for your Truth: for you have magnified your word above all your name.

So, we do not see the word kee (for) at these places in this verse, as it only appears once in this verse; neither do we have the phrase you have. So let’s repair:

I will worship toward your holy Temple, and praise את eth-your name for your lovingkindness and for your Truth: for you have magnified your word above all your name.

Yet, someone has left out the word the before the word magnified, which does not appear to be in past tense, but rather, plural. So if magnified is the word, it must be the magnifies. Doesn’t work, does it? But gadal doesn’t only mean to magnify, but also to make great or to grow.  Between those two, it is reasonable that the use should be greatnesses, because the word is plural.  Therefore, the better phrase is the greatnesses, not the magnified, or the growths.

I will worship toward your holy Temple, and praise את eth-your name, for your lovingkindness and for your Truth: for you have magnified the greatnesses of your word above all your name.

There is no of in the ancient Ivriyt, therefore it is added to make sense of the phrase in English. 

Now, the sixty-four-dollar question is: Is the word above all your name? Or does it say something else.  In the Ivriyt, we see the word shem’och (your name) appears before emrah’oth’och (your words).

The order is: for the greatnesses over all your name your words.

We see in this phrase the operative word over.  This word comes from Ivriyt word (עַל) al

Now this word is going to open up a world of issues.  While its common use is found as it is defined in (Strong’s H5921), meaning above, over, upon, or against; it is also the same word as (Strong’s H5920), meaning the Highest, to Yahuah, above, or most high.

This is not the root word, however.  The root is (H5927) the verb (עָלָה) ʻâlâh, which means to ascend, intransitively (be high) or actively (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literal and figurative:—arise (up), (cause to) ascend up, at once, break (the day) (up), bring (up), (cause to) burn, carry up, cast up, shew, climb (up), (cause to, make to) come (up), cut off, dawn, depart, exalt, excel, fall, fetch up, get up, (make to) go (away, up); grow (over) increase, lay, leap, levy, lift (self) up, light, (make) up, × mention, mount up, offer, make to pay, perfect, prefer, put (on), raise, recover, restore, (make to) rise (up), scale, set (up), shoot forth (up), (begin to) spring (up), stir up, take away (up), work.

Interesting that this word is the word most often translated as burnt offering (עֹלָה) ʻôlâh

(Strong’s 5930) usually used as meaning a holocaust (as going up in smoke):—ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See Ge 8:20; Ge 22:2; Ge 22:3; Ge 22:6; Ge 22:7; Ge 22:8; Ge 22:13; Ex 10:25; Ex 18:12; Ex 20:24; Ex 24:5; Ex 29:18; Ex 29:25; Ex 29:42; Ex 30:9; Ex 30:28; Ex 31:9; Ex 32:6 ; Ex 35:16; Ex 38:1; Ex 40:6; Ex 40:10; Ex 40:29; Le 1:3; Le 1:4; Le 1:6; Le 1:9; Le 1:10; Le 1:13; Le 1:14; Le 1:17; Le 3:5; Le 4:7; Le 4:10; Le 4:18; Le 4:24; Le 4:25; Le 4:29; Le 4:30; Le 4:33; Le 4:34; Le 5:7; Le 5:10; Le 6:9; Le 6:10; Le 6:12; Le 6:25; Le 7:2; Le 7:8; Le 7:37; Le 8:18; Le 8:21; Le 8:28; Le 9:2; Le 9:3; Le 9:7; Le 9:12; Le 9:13; Le 9:14; Le 9:16; Le 9:17; Le 9:22; Le 9:24; Le 10:19; Le 12:6; Le 12:8; Le 14:13; Le 14:19; Le 14:20; Le 14:22; Le 14:31; Le 15:15; Le 15:30; Le 16:3; Le 16:5; Le 16:24; Le 17:8; Le 22:18; Le 23:12; Le 23:18; Le 23:37; Nu 6:11; Nu 6:14; Nu 6:16; Nu 7:15; Nu 7:21; Nu 7:27; Nu 7:33; Nu 7:39; Nu 7:45; Nu 7:51; Nu 7:57; Nu 7:63; Nu 7:69; Nu 7:75; Nu 7:81; Nu 7:87; Nu 8:12; Nu 10:10; Nu 15:3; Nu 15:5; Nu 15:8; Nu 15:24; Nu 23:3; Nu 23:6; Nu 23:15; Nu 23:17; Nu 28:3; Nu 28:6; Nu 28:10; Nu 28:11; Nu 28:13; Nu 28:14; Nu 28:15; Nu 28:19; Nu 28:23; Nu 28:24; Nu 28:27; Nu 28:31; Nu 29:2; Nu 29:6; Nu 29:8; Nu 29:11; Nu 29:13; Nu 29:16; Nu 29:19; Nu 29:22; Nu 29:25; Nu 29:28; Nu 29:31; Nu 29:34; Nu 29:36; Nu 29:38; Nu 29:39; De 12:6; De 12:11; De 12:13; De 12:14; De 12:27; De 27:6; Jos 8:31; Jos 22:23; Jos 22:26; Jos 22:27; Jos 22:28; Jos 22:29; Jg 6:26; Jg 11:31; Jg 13:16; Jg 13:23; Jg 20:26; Jg 21:4; 1Sa 6:14; 1Sa 6:15; 1Sa 7:9; 1Sa 7:10; 1Sa 10:8; 1Sa 13:9; 1Sa 13:10; 1Sa 13:12; 1Sa 15:22; 2Sa 6:17; 2Sa 6:18; 2Sa 24:22; 2Sa 24:24; 2Sa 24:25; 1Ki 3:4; 1Ki 3:15; 1Ki 8:64; 1Ki 9:25; 1Ki 10:5; 1Ki 18:33; 1Ki 18:38; 2Ki 3:27; 2Ki 5:17; 2Ki 10:24; 2Ki 10:25; 2Ki 16:13; 2Ki 16:15; 1Ch 6:49; 1Ch 16:1; 1Ch 16:2; 1Ch 16:40; 1Ch 21:23; 1Ch 21:24; 1Ch 21:26; 1Ch 21:29; 1Ch 22:1; 1Ch 23:31; 1Ch 29:21; 2Ch 1:6; 2Ch 2:4; 2Ch 4:6; 2Ch 7:1; 2Ch 7:7; 2Ch 8:12; 2Ch 13:11; 2Ch 23:18; 2Ch 24:14; 2Ch 29:7; 2Ch 29:18; 2Ch 29:24; 2Ch 29:27; 2Ch 29:28; 2Ch 29:31; 2Ch 29:32; 2Ch 29:34; 2Ch 29:35; 2Ch 30:15; 2Ch 31:2; 2Ch 31:3; 2Ch 35:12; 2Ch 35:14; 2Ch 35:16; Ezr 3:2; Ezr 3:3; Ezr 3:4; Ezr 3:5; Ezr 3:6; Ezr 8:35; Ne 10:33; Job 1:5; Job 42:8; Ps 20:3; Ps 40:6; Ps 50:8; Ps 51:16; Ps 51:19; Ps 66:13; Ps 66:15; Isa 1:11; Isa 40:16; Isa 43:23; Isa 56:7; Isa 61:8; Jer 6:20; Jer 7:21; Jer 7:22; Jer 14:12; Jer 17:26; Jer 19:5; Jer 33:18; Eze 40:26; Eze 40:38; Eze 40:39; Eze 40:42; Eze 43:18; Eze 43:24; Eze 43:27; Eze 44:11; Eze 45:15; Eze 45:17; Eze 45:23; Eze 45:25; Eze 46:2; Eze 46:4; Eze 46:13; Eze 46:15; Ho 6:6; Am 5:22; Mic 6:6.

Again, looking at this verse, it begins with:

I will worship toward your holy Temple, and praise את eth-your name . . .

Now let’s finish this verse with the options we find for the word al:

. . . according to your mercy, and according to your truth, for the greatness of your word according to your name.

The direct interpretation of the Ivriyt is:

I will bow down toward temple your holy, and I praise את-eth your name according to your mercy and according to your truth for the greatness according to all your name your words.

Correcting the semantic, we see I will bow down toward temple your holy, and I praise את-eth your name according to your mercy and according to your truth for the greatness of your name according to all your words.

Let’s take a look at the interpretation of the 1560 Geneva bible under John Calvin in respect of this verse:

Psalme 138:2 (1560 Geneva)
I will worship toward thine holie Temple and praise thy Name, because of thy loving kindness and for the trueth; for thou hast magnified thy Name above all things by thy worde.

I suggest to you the following is the more likely phrasing of this verse:

Tehilliym (Psalm) 138:2 
I will bow down toward your holy Temple, and I praise את-eth your name according to your mercy and according to your truth; for the greatness of your name according to all your words.

< Back     Join the Discussion

Subscribe

Subscribe via RSS

Get Stephen's posts in your inbox.

  • I am the א (Aleph) and the ת (Tav), the beginning and the ending, says Yahuah Elohiym, which is, and which was, and which is to come, Yahuah Tseva’oth.
    CHIZAYON (Revelation) 1:8
    Read More
  • For they shall behold the world which is now invisible to them and they shall behold the time which is now hidden from them: And time shall no longer age them.  
    BARUK SHENIY (2 Baruk) 51: 8-9
    Read More
  • Be ready to the reward of the Kingdom, for the everlasting light shall shine upon you forevermore.
    EZRA REVIY`IY (4 Ezra / 2 Esdras) 2:35
    Read More
  • Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; את eth-A blessing, if ye obey the command­ments of Yahuah Elohaykem, which I command you this day: And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of Yahuah Elohaykem, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other elohiym, which ye have not known. 
    DEVARIYM (Deuteronomy) 11:26-28
    Read More
  • For in six days Yahuah made את eth-the heavens and את eth-the earth, את eth-the sea, and את eth-all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore Yahuah blessed את eth-the day of Shabbath, and hallowed it.
    SHEMOTH (Exodus) 20:11
    Read More
  • In the beginning Elohiym created את eth the heavens and את eth the earth.
    BERE’SHIYTH (Genesis) 1:1
    Read More
  • How are you fallen from heaven, O Heylel, son of the howling morning! how are you cut down to the ground, which did weaken the nations!
    YESHA`YAHU (Isaiah) 14:12
    Read More
  • Behold, the days come, says Yahuah, that I will cut a Renewed Covenant with the את eth-house of Yashar'el, and with the את eth-house of Yahudah. 
    YIRMEYAHU (Jeremiah) 31:31
    Read More
  • In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with את eth Elohiym, and Elohiym was the Word.
    BESORAH YOCHANON (Gospel of John) 1:1
    Read More
  • For Yah so loved את eth-the world, that he gave את eth-his את eth-yachiyd, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
    BESORAH YOCHANON (Gospel of John) 3:16
    Read More
  • He that has my commandments, and guards them, he it is that loves me: and he that loves me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. 
    BESORAH YOCHANON (Gospel of John) 14:21
    Read More
  • These are the feasts of Yahuah, even holy assemblies, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed times.
    VAYIQRA (Leviticus) 23:4
    Read More
  • And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name Yahusha: for he shall save his people from their sins.
    BESORAH MATTITHYAHU (Gospel of Matthew) 1:21
    Read More
  • Give us this day our daily את eth-bread. And forgive us our transgressions, as we forgive those who trans­gress against us. 
    BESORAH MATTITHYAHU (Gospel of Matthew) 6:11-12
    Read More
  • Yahuah bless you, and guard you: Yahuah make his face shine upon you, and be gracious unto you: Yahuah lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace. 
    BEMIDBAR (Numbers) 6:24-26
    Read More
  • That at the name of Yahusha every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Yahuah is Yahusha Ha'Mashiach, to the glory of Yah the Father.
    PHILIPPIYM (Philippians) 2:10-11
    Read More
  • YAHUAH is my Shep­herd; I shall not want. He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters. 
    TEHILLIYM (Psalm) 23:1-2
    Read More
  • He that dwells in the secret place of El Elyon shall abide under the shadow of El Shaddai. I will say of Yahuah, He is my refuge and my fortress: my Elohiym; in him will I trust. 
    TEHILLIYM (Psalm) 91:1-2
    Read More
  • Here is wisdom. Let him that has understanding calculate the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is χξς .
    CHIZAYON (Revelation) 13:18
    Read More
  • For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of Yah, which is in Yahusha Ha'Mashiach our Adonai.
    ROMAIYM (Romans) 8:38-39
    Read More
  • Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not love, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.
     QORINTIYM RI’SHON (I Corinthians) 13:13
    Read More
  • Make the attempt, then, O tyrant; and if you put us to death for our faith, think not that you harm us by torturing us. For we through this ill treatment and endurance shall bear off the rewards of virtue. But you, for the wicked and despotic slaughter of us, shall, from the divine vengeance, endure eternal torture by fire.
    MAKKABIYM REVIY`IY (4 Maccabees) 9:7-9
    Read More
  • And at that time shall Miyka’el stand up, the great prince which stands for the children of your people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone that shall be found written in the cepher.
    DANIY'EL (Daniel) 9-12
    Read More
  • A great destruction therefore shall come upon all the earth; a deluge, a great destruction, shall take place in one year. This child which is born to your son shall survive on the earth, and his three sons shall be saved with him. When all mankind who are on the earth shall die, he shall be safe.
    CHANOK (Enoch) 105: 14-15
    Read More
  • And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out את eth-my Ruach upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions.
    YO’EL (Joel) 2:28
    Read More
© 2019 Cepher Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved. Website By Efinitytech