Stephen Pidgeon's Blog

Blog: Blog

< Back     Join the Discussion

A body you have prepared for me

Author Stephen Pidgeon - Sunday, June 4, 2017 at 12:00 AM


Recently, I was asked to review a passage in the Psalms of David, and a great question was asked. The question was: Shouldn’t the passage which is translated to say my ears have you opened really read a body you have prepared for me?  And the questioner followed up with an additional reference to Ivriym (Hebrews) 10:6.

Let’s take a look first at the Masoretic text.

Tehilliym (Psalms) 40:6 
זבח (zebach - sacrifice) ומנחה (v’minchah – and grain offering) לא (lo - not) חפצת (chapets’oth - bends) אזנים (etsniym – the ears) כרית (carah - dig) לי  עולה (Li olah – the rising smoke) וחטאה (v’chatah – and sin) לא (lo - not) שׁאלת׃ (shaloth - demand)

So, the plain reading is as follows:

The sacrifice and the offering do not bend the ears; the making of rising smoke as a sin offering is not demanded.

Now, let’s take a look at the Septuagint which is actually found at 39:6 (39:7 in the Greek):

39:6 Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not; but a body hast thou prepared me: whole-burnt-offering and [sacrifice] for sin thou didst not require.

39:7 θυσίαν καὶ προσφορὰν  οὐκ (οὖς -  ear) ἠθέλησας, σῶμα δὲ κατηρτίσω μοι· ὁλοκαυτώματα καὶ περὶ ἁμαρτίας οὐκ ἐζήτησας.

So, the Greek reads more like Sacrifice and offerings do not come on, but a body you have prepared for me, burnt offerings and sin offerings are not required.

The Masoretic text may have construed this passage initially from the Greek!  If they read οὖς instead of οὐκ, they would get not in the ear. However, the phrase sóma dé katirtíso moi – a body you have prepared for me is in fact flatly omitted.  

However, before we acquiesce to the Septuagint as completely dispositive, let us again consider the passage in Vayiqra (Leviticus) 17:11.

Vayiqra (Leviticus) 17:11 (Eth CEPHER) 
For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul.

17:11 For the life of flesh is its blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for its blood shall make atonement for the soul.

However, now consider the Masoretic text:

Lev 17:11 כי (Kee) H3588  נפשׁ (nephesh) H5315  הבשׂר (ha’besor) H1320  בדם (b’dam) H1818  הוא (hu) H1931  ואני (v’ani) H589  נתתיו (nathan) H5414  לכם  על (al lekem) H5921  המזבח (ha’mitsbeach) H4196  לכפר (l’kaphar) H3722  על (al) H5921  נפשׁתיכם (nephesh’oth’iciym) H5315  כי (kee) H3588  הדם (ha’dam) H1818  הוא (hu) H1931  בנפשׁ (b’nephesh) H5315  יכפר׃ (y’kaphar).

Kee [For] nephesh [soul] ha’besor [the flesh] b’dam [in blood], hu [he] v’ani [and I] nathan [give] al lekem [the bread?] ha’mitsbe’ach [the altar], l’kaphar [as atonement] al [for] nephesh’oth [your souls] kee [for] ha’dam [the blood] hu [he] b’nephesh [in soul] y’kaphar [is atonement].

For the soul of the flesh is in the blood, he and I give as bread on the altar as atonement for your souls, for the blood of him is atonement in the soul.

Now we see that we have an omission on the part of the Septuagint.  Interesting dilemma.  We at the Cepher Publishing Group look to these things in the Septuagint to make improvement where we can.  But bear in mind, it is on a verse-by-verse basis.

Finally, there is a call to reference the similarities between Tehilliym (Psalms) 40:6 and Ivriym (Hebrews) 10:6.

Ivriym (Hebrews) 10:5-6 
Wherefore when he came into the world, he said: In sacrifice and offering you would have no delight, but a body have you prepared me: 6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you have had no pleasure.

Compare again:

Tehilliym (Psalms) 39:6 (Septuagint) 
Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not; but a body hast thou prepared me: whole-burnt-offering and [sacrifice] for sin thou didst not require.

Ultimately, we can conclude that the author of Ivriym relied on the Septuagint to make the quote.

< Back     Join the Discussion



Get Stephen's posts in your inbox.

  • I am the א (Aleph) and the ת (Tav), the beginning and the ending, says Yahuah Elohiym, which is, and which was, and which is to come, Yahuah Tseva’oth.
    CHIZAYON (Revelation) 1:8
    Read More
  • For they shall behold the world which is now invisible to them and they shall behold the time which is now hidden from them: And time shall no longer age them.  
    BARUK SHENIY (2 Baruk) 51: 8-9
    Read More
  • Be ready to the reward of the Kingdom, for the everlasting light shall shine upon you forevermore.
    EZRA REVIY`IY (4 Ezra / 2 Esdras) 2:35
    Read More
  • Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; את eth-A blessing, if ye obey the command­ments of Yahuah Elohaykem, which I command you this day: And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of Yahuah Elohaykem, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other elohiym, which ye have not known. 
    DEVARIYM (Deuteronomy) 11:26-28
    Read More
  • For in six days Yahuah made את eth-the heavens and את eth-the earth, את eth-the sea, and את eth-all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore Yahuah blessed את eth-the day of Shabbath, and hallowed it.
    SHEMOTH (Exodus) 20:11
    Read More
  • In the beginning Elohiym created את eth the heavens and את eth the earth.
    BERE’SHIYTH (Genesis) 1:1
    Read More
  • How are you fallen from heaven, O Heylel, son of the howling morning! how are you cut down to the ground, which did weaken the nations!
    YESHA`YAHU (Isaiah) 14:12
    Read More
  • Behold, the days come, says Yahuah, that I will cut a Renewed Covenant with the את eth-house of Yashar'el, and with the את eth-house of Yahudah. 
    YIRMEYAHU (Jeremiah) 31:31
    Read More
  • In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with את eth Elohiym, and Elohiym was the Word.
    BESORAH YOCHANON (Gospel of John) 1:1
    Read More
  • For Yah so loved את eth-the world, that he gave את eth-his את eth-yachiyd, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
    BESORAH YOCHANON (Gospel of John) 3:16
    Read More
  • He that has my commandments, and guards them, he it is that loves me: and he that loves me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. 
    BESORAH YOCHANON (Gospel of John) 14:21
    Read More
  • These are the feasts of Yahuah, even holy assemblies, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed times.
    VAYIQRA (Leviticus) 23:4
    Read More
  • And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name Yahusha: for he shall save his people from their sins.
    BESORAH MATTITHYAHU (Gospel of Matthew) 1:21
    Read More
  • Give us this day our daily את eth-bread. And forgive us our transgressions, as we forgive those who trans­gress against us. 
    BESORAH MATTITHYAHU (Gospel of Matthew) 6:11-12
    Read More
  • Yahuah bless you, and guard you: Yahuah make his face shine upon you, and be gracious unto you: Yahuah lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace. 
    BEMIDBAR (Numbers) 6:24-26
    Read More
  • That at the name of Yahusha every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Yahuah is Yahusha Ha'Mashiach, to the glory of Yah the Father.
    PHILIPPIYM (Philippians) 2:10-11
    Read More
  • YAHUAH is my Shep­herd; I shall not want. He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters. 
    TEHILLIYM (Psalm) 23:1-2
    Read More
  • He that dwells in the secret place of El Elyon shall abide under the shadow of El Shaddai. I will say of Yahuah, He is my refuge and my fortress: my Elohiym; in him will I trust. 
    TEHILLIYM (Psalm) 91:1-2
    Read More
  • Here is wisdom. Let him that has understanding calculate the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is χξς .
    CHIZAYON (Revelation) 13:18
    Read More
  • For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of Yah, which is in Yahusha Ha'Mashiach our Adonai.
    ROMAIYM (Romans) 8:38-39
    Read More
  • Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not love, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.
     QORINTIYM RI’SHON (I Corinthians) 13:13
    Read More
  • Make the attempt, then, O tyrant; and if you put us to death for our faith, think not that you harm us by torturing us. For we through this ill treatment and endurance shall bear off the rewards of virtue. But you, for the wicked and despotic slaughter of us, shall, from the divine vengeance, endure eternal torture by fire.
    MAKKABIYM REVIY`IY (4 Maccabees) 9:7-9
    Read More
  • And at that time shall Miyka’el stand up, the great prince which stands for the children of your people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone that shall be found written in the cepher.
    DANIY'EL (Daniel) 9-12
    Read More
  • A great destruction therefore shall come upon all the earth; a deluge, a great destruction, shall take place in one year. This child which is born to your son shall survive on the earth, and his three sons shall be saved with him. When all mankind who are on the earth shall die, he shall be safe.
    CHANOK (Enoch) 105: 14-15
    Read More
  • And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out את eth-my Ruach upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions.
    YO’EL (Joel) 2:28
    Read More