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The Commandments - Part Three


We have seen the practices of MASHIACH to keep the feasts declared as statutes forever in Vayiqra (Leviticus) 23, and we have seen how the American church has misconstrued the words of Sha’ul (Paul) to declare the feasts and the declaration concerning clean foods as expired.

However, let’s see what Sha’ul actually did:

Ma’aseh (Acts) 28:23

And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the את (eth)-Kingdom of ELOHIYM, persuading them concerning YAHUSHA, both out of the Torah of Mosheh, and out of the prophets, from morning till evening.

This is of course consistent with the teaching of MASHIACH and the practices of the Torah.  However, there is a demonstration which takes place in Ma’aseh when Sha’ul takes the Nazarite vow:

Ma’aseh (Acts) 21:18-26

And the day following Sha’ul went in with us unto Ya`aqov; and all the elders were present. 19 And when he had saluted them, he declared particularly את (eth) what things ELOHIYM had wrought among the other people by his ministry. 20 And when they heard it, they glorified ELOHIYM, and said unto him, You see, brother, how many thousands of Yahudiym there are which believe; and they are all zealous of the Torah: 21 And they are informed of you, that you teach all the Yahudiym which are among the other people to forsake Mosheh, saying that they ought not to circumcise their children, neither to walk after the customs. 22 What is it therefore? The multitude needs to come together: for they will hear that you are come. 23 Do therefore this that we say to you: We have four men which have a vow on them; 24 Them take, and purify yourself with them, and be at charges with them, that they may shave their heads: and all may know that those things, whereof they were informed concerning you, are nothing; but that you yourself also walk orderly, and keep the Torah. 25 As touching the other people which believe, we have written and concluded that they observe no such thing, save only that they keep themselves from things offered to idols, and from blood, and from strangled, and from fornication. 26 Then Sha’ul took the men, and the next day purifying himself with them entered into the Temple, to signify the accomplishment of the days of purification, until that an offering should be offered for everyone of them.

Compare this with the Naziyr vow:

Bemidbar (Numbers) 6:1-21

And YAHUAH spoke unto Mosheh, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Yisra’el, and say unto them, When either man or woman shall separate themselves to vow a vow of a Naziyr, to separate themselves unto YAHUAH: 3 He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried. 4 All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made of the vine tree, from the kernels even to the husk. 5 All the days of the vow of his separation there shall no razor come upon his head: until the days be fulfilled, in which he separates himself unto YAHUAH, he shall be holy, and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow. 6 All the days that he separates himself unto YAHUAH he shall come at no dead body. 7 He shall not make himself unclean for his father, or for his mother, for his brother, or for his sister, when they die: because the consecration of his ELOHIYM is upon his head. 8 All the days of his separation he is holy unto YAHUAH. 9 And if any man die very suddenly by him, and he has defiled the head of his consecration; then he shall shave his head in the day of his cleansing, on the seventh day shall he shave it. 10 And on the eighth day he shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons, to the priest, to the door of the Tabernacle of the assembly: 11 And the priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, and make an atonement for him, for that he sinned by the dead, and shall hallow his head that same day. 12 And he shall consecrate unto YAHUAH the days of his separation, and shall bring a lamb of the first year for a transgression offering: but the days that were before shall be lost, because his separation was defiled.

13 And this is the Torah of the Naziyr, when the days of his separation are fulfilled: he shall be brought unto the door of the Tabernacle of the assembly: 14 And he shall offer his offering unto YAHUAH, one he lamb of the first year without blemish for a burnt offering, and one ewe lamb of the first year without blemish for a sin offering, and one ram without blemish for peace offerings, 15 And a basket of matstsah, cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, and wafers of matstsah anointed with oil, and their meat offering, and their drink offerings. 16 And the priest shall bring them before YAHUAH, and shall offer his sin offering, and his burnt offering: 17 And he shall offer the ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings unto YAHUAH, with the basket of matstsah: the priest shall offer also his meat offering, and his drink offering. 18 And the Naziyr shall shave the head of his separation at the door of the Tabernacle of the assembly, and shall take the hair of the head of his separation, and put it in the fire which is under the sacrifice of the peace offerings. 19 And the priest shall take the sodden shoulder of the ram, and one matstsah cake out of the basket, and one matstsah wafer, and shall put them upon the hands of the Naziyr, after the hair of his separation is shaven: 20 And the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before YAHUAH: this is holy for the priest, with the wave breast and heave shoulder: and after that the Naziyr may drink wine. 21 This is the Torah of the Naziyr who has vowed, and of his offering unto YAHUAH for his separation, beside that that his hand shall get: according to the vow which he vowed, so he must do after the Torah of his separation.

The ordinance that is being executed here is the ordinance of the Naziyr (נָזִיר) naziyr (Strong's 5139), which means separate, i.e. consecrated (as prince, a Nazirite); hence (figuratively from the latter) an unpruned vine (like an unshorn Nazirite).

Sha’ul is being instructed by the elders not to begin the Naziyr vow, but to complete the Naziyr vow by shaving the head and presenting himself at the temple as someone who had kept the Torah without deviation.  This order represents that the elders believe Sha’ul that such was the case, and that Sha’ul had separated himself pursuant to the preceding portion of the vow in like order.  This act, therefore, constitutes the statement of Sha’ul, and the witness of Ya’aqov and the elders of the faith that Sha’ul had kept the Torah without blemish.

One question people in the American church might ask is, when did we last hear about Sha’ul keeping the Naziyr vow, and what exactly does that mean?  And by the way, this was not the first time Sha’ul had shaved his head pursuant to this vow:

Ma’aseh (Acts) 18:18

And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow.

So, let’s see what the record shows about Sha’ul and the feasts (moediym) of YAHUAH:

SHABBAT (Shabbat שַׁבָּת)

Ma’aseh (Acts) 17:2

And Sha’ul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three Shabbat days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,

Ma’aseh (Acts) 18:4

And he reasoned in the synagogue every Shabbat, and persuaded the Yahudiym and the Yavaniym.

PECACH (Passover פָּ֫סַח)

Qorintiym Rishon (1 Corinthians) 5:7

Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even MASHIACH our Pecach (passover) is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

MATSTSAH (Unleavened Bread מַצָּה)

Ma’aseh (Acts) 20:6

And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of Matstsah, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.

Qorintiym Rishon (1 Corinthians) 5:7

Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even MASHIACH our Pecach (passover) is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

BIKOOR (Firstfruits בִּכּוּרִים)

Ma’aseh (Acts) 20:7

And upon one of the Shabbathot, when the Talmidiym came together to break bread, Sha’ul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.

SHAVU'OT (Pentecost שְׁבֻעַ)

Ma’aseh (Acts) 20:16

For Sha’ul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Yerushalayim the day of the Feast of Shavu’ot.

So testifies the writings of the Talmidiym concerning Sha’ul and the keeping of the Torah, including the keeping of the feasts, and the vow of the Naziyr. 

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