To visit our sister company Cepher Academy, please click here.


Stephen Pidgeon's Blog

Blog: Blog

< Back     Join the Discussion

The Stones of Sapphire

Author Stephen Pidgeon - Tuesday, August 27, 2019 at 12:00 AM


We begin with the following:

Shemoth (Exodus) 24:9-10
Then went up Mosheh, and Aharon, Nadav, and Aviyhu, and seventy of the elders of Yashar’el: 10 And they saw את eth the Elohai of Yashar’el: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.

The word here that is translated as sapphire is incorrectly set forth by Strong’s as cappiyr (סַפִּיר) Strong's H5601.  There is no double “p” in the word.  Rather, it should be pronounced caphiyr (sapphire). Either way its meaning is determined to be a gem (perhaps used for scratching other substances), probably the sapphire. Probably?

However, the word has a root in the Ivriyt, which is (סָפַר) (H5608).  Now, the Masorites tell us that the pronunciation is çâphar, yet the non-nikkud spelling is identical with H5608-5613.

5608 means: to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:—commune, (ac-) count; declare, to number, penknife, to reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.

5609 means: book, or scroll (Aramaic).

5610 means: a census, or numbering.

5611 means: a place in Arabia.

5612 means: from H5608; a writing (the art or a document); by implication, a book: a bill, a book, evidence, a letter, a register, a scroll. It is found also in the feminine form as çiphrâh (סִפְרָה) (Ps 56:8 (H9). The Masculine plural is cepheriym (ספרים); the Feminine plural is cepher’oth (ספרות).

5613 means: a scribe (Aramaic).

When we look at the word sapphire in its totality, we then see in the meaning of the word a fixed stone which may include an enumerated writing scratched upon its surface.

Let’s look at the history:

Shemoth (Exodus) 19:19
And when the voice of the shofar sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Mosheh spoke, and Elohiym answered him by a voice.

What did they actually hear being said:

Shemoth (Exodus) 20:1-17
AND Elohiym spoke את eth all these words, saying, 2 I am Yahuah Elohayka, which have brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, out of the house of bondage.
     3 You shall have no other elohiym before me.
     4 You shall not make unto you any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in the heavens above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: 5 You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I Yahuah Elohayka am a jealous El, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 6 And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and guard my commandments.
     7 You shall not take את eth-the name of Yahuah Elohayka in vain; for Yahuah will not hold him guiltless את eth that takes את eth-his name in vain.
     8 Remember את eth-the day of the Shabbath, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shall you labour, and do all your work: 10 But the seventh day is the Shabbath of Yahuah Elohayka: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates: 11 For in six days Yahuah made את eth-the heavens and את eth-the earth, את eth the sea, and את eth-all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore Yahuah blessed את eth-the day of Shabbath, and hallowed it.
     12 Honour את eth-your father and את eth-your mother: that your days may be long upon the land which Yahuah Elohayka gives you.
     13 You shall not kill.
     14 You shall not break wedlock.
     15 You shall not steal.
     16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour.
     17 You shall not lust after your neighbour's house, you shall not lust after your neighbour's woman, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is your neighbour's.

Shemoth (Exodus) 24:12
And Yahuah said unto Mosheh, Come up to me into the Mount, and be there: and I will give you את eth-sapphire stones, and a Torah, and commandments which I have written; that you may teach them.

Shemoth (Exodus) 34:28
And he was there with Yahuah forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the sapphires את eth the words of the covenant, the Ten Devariym.

Devariym (Deuteronomy) 5:22
את eth-These words Yahuah spoke unto all your assembly in the Mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them on two sapphire stones, and delivered them unto me.

In this record, we see that an enumerated writing – Ten Devariym – were set forth on stones.

In Devariym 5:22, we are told by Strong’s that two words can be found in the underlying Masoretic text, which in fact are not there.  One word is natan (נתן) when the word actually found there is v’i’taniym (וַיִּתְּנֵם); the second is the word luach (לוח), when the word there is actually lach’oth (לֻחֹת). In the first instance, it doesn’t really change the meaning of the verse. But the second one is important, as it is the plural form of the word lach (לַח) (H3892), which means fresh or unused.

So in the passage that is translated as tablets of stone we find the underlying Ivriyt to say:

עַל־שְׁנֵי לֻחֹת אֲבָנִים

This transliterates as: Al-sheniy lach’oth ebeniym, meaning upon two fresh (unused, uncut) stones.

In Exodus 34:28, do we see the Strong’s chosen word luach (לוח), or the word meaning fresh, i.e. lach’oth (לֻחֹת)? Applicable portion:

וַיִּכְתֹּב עַל־הַלֻּחֹת אֵת דִּבְרֵי

Transliteration: v’y’kathab al-ha’lach’oth eth devari. And he wrote on the fresh ones the word.

And in Exodus 24:12 we see the following:

אֶת־לֻחֹת הָאֶבֶן וְהַתּוֹרָה וְהַמִּצְוָה אֲשֶׁר כָּתַבְתִּי לְהוֹרֹתָם׃

Eth lach’oth ha’eben v’ha’torah, v’ha’mitsvoth asher cathab’oth’i l’ha’y’ratham.

The fresh stone, and the Torah, and the commandments, which writings to the binding thereof.

So, as we can see, tablets is not the word there at all! Rather it is lach’oth (fresh, or fresh ones [fem. Plural]).

Now the question becomes, which fresh stone was used to scratch this Torah, these commandments?  We return to where we started:

Shemoth (Exodus) 24:9-10
Then went up Mosheh, and Aharon, Nadav, and Aviyhu, and seventy of the elders of Yashar’el: 10 And they saw את eth the Elohai of Yashar’el: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.

< Back     Join the Discussion



Get Stephen's posts in your inbox.

Chazon (Revelation) 1:8

I am the א (Aleph) and the ת (Tav), the beginning and the ending, says Yahuah Elohiym, which is, and which was, and which is to come, Yahuah Tseva’oth.

Read More

Baruch Sheniy (2 Baruch) 51:8-9

For they shall behold the world which is now invisible to them and they shall behold the time which is now hidden from them: And time shall no longer age them.

Read More

Ezra Reviy'iy (4 Ezra/2 Esdras) 2:35

Be ready to the reward of the Kingdom, for the everlasting light shall shine upon you forevermore.

Read More

Devariym (Deuteronomy) 11:26-28

Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; A blessing, if ye obey the commandments of Yahuah Elohaykem, which I command you this day: And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of Yahuah Elohaykem but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other elohiym, which ye have not known.

Read More

Shemoth (Exodus) 20:11

For in six days Yahuah made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore Yahuah blessed the day of Shabbath, and hallowed it.

Read More

Bere'shiyth (Genesis) 1:1

In the beginning Elohiym created את the heavens and אתthe earth.

Read More

Yesha'yahu (Isaiah) 14:12

How are you fallen from heaven, O Heylel, son of the howling morning! how are you cut down to the ground, which did weaken the nations!

Read More

Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah) 31:31

Behold, the days come, says Yahuah, that I will cut a Renewed Covenant with the house of Yashar’el, and with the house of Yahudah.

Read More

Besorah Yochanon (John) 1:1

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with את Elohiym, and Elohiym was the Word.

Read More

Besorah Yochanon (John) 3:16

For Elohiym so loved the world, that he gave his yachiyd, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

Read More

Besorah Yochanon (John) 14:21

He that has my commandments, and guards them, he it is that loves me: and he that loves me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.

Read More

Vayiqra (Leviticus) 23:4

These are the feasts of Yahuah, even holy assemblies, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed times.

Read More

Besorah Mattithyahu (Matthew) 1:21

And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name Yahusha: for he shall save his people from their sins.

Read More

Besorah Mattithyahu (Matthew) 6:11-12

Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our transgressions, as we forgive those who transgress against us.

Read More

Bemidbar (Numbers) 6:24-26

Yahuah bless you, and guard you: Yahuah make his face shine upon you, and be gracious unto you: Yahuah lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace.

Read More

Philippiym (Philippians) 2:10-11

That at the name of Yahusha every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Yahuah is Yahusha Ha’Mashiach, to the glory of Elohiym the Father.

Read More

Tehilliym (Psalms) 23:1-2

Yahuah is my Shepherd; I shall not want. He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters.

Read More

Tehilliym (Psalms) 91:1-2

He who dwells in the secret place of El Elyon shall abide under the shadow of El Shaddai. I will say of Yahuah, He is my refuge and my fortress: my Elohiym; in him will I trust.

Read More

Chazon (Revelation) 13:18

Here is wisdom. Let him that has understanding calculate the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is χξς .

Read More

Romaiym (Romans) 8:38-39

For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of Yah, which is in Yahusha Ha'Mashiach our Adonai.

Read More

Qorintiym Ri'shon (I Corinthians) 13:13

And now abides faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love.

Read More

Makkabiym Reviy'iy (4 Maccabees) 9:7-9

Make the attempt, then, O tyrant; and if you put us to death for our faith, think not that you harm us by torturing us. For we through this ill treatment and endurance shall bear off the rewards of virtue. But you, for the wicked and despotic slaughter of us, shall, from the divine vengeance, endure eternal torture by fire.

Read More

Daniy'el (Daniel) 12:1

And at that time shall Miyka’el stand up, the great prince which stands for the children of your people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone that shall be found written in the cepher.

Read More

Chanoch (Enoch) 105:14-15

A great destruction therefore shall come upon all the earth; a deluge, a great destruction shall take place in one year. This child, who is born to your son shall survive on the earth, and his three sons shall be saved with him. When all mankind who are on the earth shall die, he shall be safe.

Read More

Yo'el (Joel) 2:28

And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Ruach upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions.

Read More