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On Canonicity: The Ethiopic Bible – Part 2

Posted by Stephen Pidgeon on Wednesday, May 27, 2015 at 6:00 AM

 

The oldest known collection of writings which were gathered into Old and New Testaments is a work identified as the Ethiopic Bible (second century, AD). The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has 46 books of the Old Testament and 35 books of the New Testament that will bring the total of canonized books of the Bible to 81.

A. The Holy Books of the Old Testament

1. Genesis

2. Exodus

3. Leviticus

4. Numbers

5. Deuteronomy

6. Joshua

7. Judges

8. Ruth

9. I and II Samuel

10. I and II Kings

11. I Chronicles

12. II Chronicles

13. Jubilee

14. Enoch

15. Ezra and Nehemia

16. Ezra (2nd) and Ezra Sutuel

17. Tobit

18. Judith

19. Esther

20. I Maccabees

21. II and III Maccabees

22. Job

23. Psalms

24. Proverbs

25. Tegsats (Reproof)

26. Metsihafe Tibeb (the books of wisdom)

27. Ecclesiastes

28. The Song of Songs

29. Isaiah

30. Jeremiah

31. Ezekiel

32. Daniel

33. Hosea

34. Amos

35. Micah

36. Joel

37. Obadiah

38. Jonah

39. Nahum

40. Habakkuk

41. Zephaniah

42. Haggai

43. Zechariah

44. Malachi

45. Book of Joshua the son of Sirac

46. The Book of Josephas the Son of Bengorion

B. The holy books of the New Testament

1. Matthew

2. Mark

3. Luke

4. John

5. The Acts

6. Romans

7. I Corinthians

8. II Corinthians

9. Galatians

10. Ephesians

11. Philippians

12. Colossians

13. I Thessalonians

14. II Thessalonians

15. I Timothy

16. II Timothy

17. Titus

18. Philemon

19. Hebrews

20. I Peter

21. II Peter

22. I John

23. II John

24. III John

25. James

26. Jude

27. Revelation

28. Sirate Tsion (the book of order)

29. Tizaz (the book of Herald)

30. Gitsew

31. Abtilis

32. The I book of Dominos

33. The II book of Dominos

34. The book of Clement

35. Didascalia

The Ethiopic version of the Old and New Testament was derived from the Septuagint. It also includes the book of Enoch, Baruch, and the third and fourth Esdras. It is the church of Ethiopia that undertook to preserve these sacred documents. Among those preserved books is the book of Enoch and the book of Jubilees (Kufale, i.e. Division) otherwise known as the Little Genesis, which has also been preserved in its entirety only in the Ethiopic version. The preservation of yet one more book in its entirety, namely, the Ascension of Isaiah, is to be remembered to the credit of the Ethiopic Church.

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